Worcester County Health Department offers heat safety advice for outdoor activities

Snow Hill, Md.– The Worcester County Health Department urges all residents to limit heat and sun exposure during the excessive
heat warning in effect through Saturday evening.
 
People at high risk for heat-related illness include infants, young children, people over age 65, and those with chronic lung or heart
disease. However, even otherwise healthy people can suffer from heat related illness or symptoms.
 
If engaging in outdoor activities this week and weekend, drink plenty of fluids watch for the signs and symptoms of heat stroke or
heat stress.
 
People who intend to participate in outdoor activities (work, exercise, recreation) should:
  • Limit outdoor activity between 10am and 2pm during the hottest part of the day.
  • Schedule work and sports events to avoid mid-day heat.
  • Drink 2 to 4 cups of water every hour while working or exercising- don’t wait until you feel thirsty.
  • Avoid use of supplements containing metabolic stimulants or caffeine. Avoid alcohol consumption.
  • Wear a lightweight cap and loose, lightweight, light-colored clothing.
  • Monitor the condition of co-workers, teammates or others engaged in outdoor activities.
  • Seek medical care immediately for symptoms of heat illness.
  • Do not return to heat exposure, work or exercise on the same day as an episode of heat illness.
 
Heat stroke and heat exhaustion are most serious heat-related illnesses. Symptoms may include heavy sweating and weakness,
followed by hot, dry skin, shallow breathing, confusion and potentially fainting. Call for emergency medical treatment. If possible,
relocate the person to a cool area out of direct sunlight or an air-conditioned room while awaiting an ambulance.
 
Heat cramps are painful muscle spasms often in the legs and abdomen and related to exertion and heavy sweating. Discontinue
exercise and do not return to heat exposure or exercise that day. Seek medical attention for worsening muscle pain and dark urine
(cola-colored) that occurs two to four days after exercise or heat-related illness.
 
 
You may also call the Worcester County Health Department at 410-632-1100. Follow our updates on facebook.com/
worcesterhealth and on twitter.com/WorcesterHealth.
 

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Extreme Heat often results in the highest number of annual deaths among all weather-related hazards. In most of the United States, extreme heat is defined as a long period (2 to 3 days) of high heat and humidity with temperatures above 90 degrees. In extreme heat, evaporation is slowed and the body must work extra hard to maintain a normal temperature. This can lead to death by overworking the human body. Remember that:

Extreme heat can occur quickly and without warning.

Older adults, children, and sick or overweight individuals are at greater risk from extreme heat.

Humidity increases the feeling of heat as measured by a heat index.

IF YOU ARE UNDER AN EXTREME HEAT WARNING:

  • Find air conditioning.
  • Avoid strenuous activities.
  • Watch for heat illness.
  • Wear light clothing.
  • Check on family members and neighbors.
  • Drink plenty of fluids.
  • Watch for heat cramps, heat exhaustion, and heatstroke.
  • Never leave people or pets in a closed car.

Learn more tips for staying cool and safe during extreme heat by clicking the image below

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